Is saying Sadaqaallahu Al Azim after reciting or quoting from the Qur’an an innovation, and if it is, how was it introduced?
Praise be to Allah.
Many people have the habit of ending a recitation from the Qur’an with the words “Sadaqa Allahu al-‘Azeem (Almighty Allah has spoken the truth),” but this has no basis in Islam because the Prophet (Sallallahu a’laihi wa sallam) did not do it, nor was it the custom of the Sahabah (may Allah be pleased with them), and it was unknown among the Tabi’een (the generation after the Sahaabah).
This custom arose in later times because some reciters would say these words, on the basis of the ayah (interpretation of the meaning of the ayah) – “Say: Allah has spoken the truth” (Surah Ali ‘Imran, 3 : 95),
and people liked this. But this istihsan (being liked) should be rejected, because if this was really something good, the Prophet (Sallallahu a’laihi wa sallam), the Sahabah and the Tabi’een – the salaf or first and best generations of the Ummah – would not have neglected to do it.
The ayah – “Say: Allah has spoken the truth” (Surah Ali ‘Imran, 3 : 95), does not mean that these words should be said at the end of any reading or recitation. If that were the case, He would have said, “When you finish reading, say ‘Allah has spoken the truth,’” just as He said (interpretation of the meaning of the ayah) –
“So when you want to recite the Qur’an, seek refuge with Allah from Shaytan (Satan), the outcast (the cursed one).” (Surah an-Nahl, 16 : 98)
The ayah which the innovators use to support their practice of saying “Sadaqa Allah” after reciting Qur’an was actually revealed in the context of confirming what was said about how all food had been lawful to Bani Isra’eel except what Isra’eel had made unlawful for himself. Allah said (interpretation of the meaning of the ayah) –
“… Say (O Muhammad), ‘Bring here the Tawrat (Torah) and recite it, if you are truthful.’ Then, after that, whosoever shall invent a lie against Allah, such shall indeed be the zalimun (disbelievers). Say (O Muhammad), ‘Allah has spoken the truth; follow the religion of Ibrahim (Islamic monotheism, i.e., he used to worship Allah alone), and he was not of al-mushrikin (polytheists).” (Surah ali Imran, 3 : 93-95}
If this ayah meant that these words should be said after reciting from the Qur’aan, the first one to know and do this would have been the Messenger of Allah (Sallallahu a’laihi wa sallam). Because this is not the case, we know that this is not what was meant.
In conclusion, therefore, saying “Sadaqa Allahu al-‘Azeem” after reciting Qur’an is an innovation, and the Muslim should not say it.
But believing that Allah has spoken the truth is obligatory, and whoever disbelieves or doubts the truth of what Allah has said is a kafir who is outside of the pale of Islam. We seek refuge with Allah from that.
If a person says “Allah has spoken the truth” on certain occasions, such as when something He has foretold comes to pass, affirming the truth of what He has said, then this is permissible, because something similar has been reported in the Sunnah.
The Prophet (Sallallahu a’laihi wa sallam) was giving a speech, and al-Hasan and al-Husayn came along, so he (Sallallahu a’laihi wa sallam) came down from the minbar, picked them up and put them in from of him (Sallallahu a’laihi wa sallam), then he (Sallallahu a’laihi wa sallam) said: “Indeed Allah has spoken the truth: ‘Your wealth and your children are only a trial…’ (Surah al-Taghabun, 64 : 15)”
(Izalat al-sitar ‘an al-jawab al-mukhtar by Ibn ‘Uthaymin, 79-80)