QURANIC VERSES WITH TAFSEER,HADITH AND ATHAR
“This day have those who reject faith given up all hope of your religion, yet do not fear them but fear Me. This Day have I perfected your Deen for you, completed My Favours upon you and have chosen for you Islam as your Deen.” (Surah aI-Ma’idah, 5 : 3)
This ayah embodies a clear statement that the deen has been completed and thus has no need of addition or deletion. Understanding this ayah is vital to all combat against innovations and sticking to the revealed way.
This ayah was revealed on the Day of Arafah and no Halaal and Haraam was revealed after it till our Messenger (Sallallahu a’laihi wa sallam) passed away, which was according to the Tafseer of lbn Jareer eighty-one days after it.
When this ayah was revealed, Umar (may Allah be pleased with him) wept, so the Messenger (Sallallahu a’laihi wa sallam) said to him, “What makes you weep?” He said, “I wept since we used to be in receipt of increase in our Deen, however, if it is completed, then that which is complete can only decrease (thereafter).” So he (Sallallahu a’laihi wa sallam) said, “You have spoken truthfully.”
Subhan-Allah! Umar understood that if the revelation has ceased concerning recommendation, command and prohibition pertaining to worshipping Allah, then the Messenger (Sallallahu a’laihi wa sallam) was soon to leave this world, and how true he was in observing that only decrease in guidance can take place is borne out by the fulfilment of the Hadith where the Messenger (Sallallahu a’laihi wa sallam) informed us, “Verily Islam began as a stranger and will return as a stranger – therefore give glad tidings to the strangers.” (Muslim. Tirmidhi)
The people and their favourite condescending scholars have simply not cared to do justice to this ayah. Even the accursed Jews recognised the significance of this ayah and thus approached Umar and exclaimed, they said to Umar, “You read a verse which if it had been revealed lo us we would have taken it as an Eid (a public holiday for celebrations).” So Umar said, “I know when it was revealed and where it was revealed and where the Messenger (Sallallahu a’laihi wa sallam) was when it was revealed – The day of Arafah, and by Allah, I was at Arafah.” (Bukhari)
In a similar narration in Musnad Ahmad, Umar further states that it was in the evening of Arafah being the Day of Jumu’ah.
Ibn Mardawaih reported that Ali (may Allah be pleased with him) said, “This ayah was revealed to the Messenger (Sallallahu a’laihi wa sallam) while he (Sallallahu a’laihi wa sallam) was standing in the evening (between Asr and Maghrib) of Arafah.”
The Companions knew the exact time and place of the revelation of the ayah which favoured them with the assurance and approval of Allah of having the complete and perfect Deen, a favour from the Lord of the worlds which is enviable to the extreme for a nation, a fact to give rise to justified hope and exuberant joy in the hearts and minds of people of that nation, yet for all that it constituted and all the above and more so that even the wretched Jews recognised and envied it. The Companions did not innovate and do anything special to commemorate this great honour. Doing so would have made them violate the very truth of this ayah and would have been an act so perverse as to make them do something tantamount to denying the verse and give precedence to their own desires, something which the noble Companions were very far from ever doing at any time unlike so many of us today.
Imam Ibn Kathir said, “One of the greatest bounties from Allah upon the Muslim nation is that He completed and perfected the religion of Islam for them, so they have no need of any other religion or Prophet other than their Prophet (Sallallahu a’laihi wa sallam). This is precisely why Allah made Muhammad (Sallallahu a’laihi wa sallam) the seal of all Prophets and sent him (Sallallahu a’laihi wa sallam) to the Jinn as well as mankind. The only matters which are lawful are those that the Messenger (Sallallahu a’laihi wa sallam) made lawful and the only matters which are unlawful are those which he (Sallallahu a’laihi wa sallam) made unlawful. The only things that can be considered as part of the religion of Islam are those which he (Sallallahu a’laihi wa sallam) conveyed; and that which he (Sallallahu a’laihi wa sallam) did not convey can never and will never be part of the religion. Everything that the Messenger (Sallallahu a’laihi wa sallam) said was true and correct without even a trace of error or dishonesty.”
Imam Malik said, “Whosoever introduces into Islam an innovation, which he deems is good, then he has claimed that Muhammad (Sallallahu a’laihi wa sallam) has betrayed (the trust of conveying) the Message. Read the saying of Allah, the Mighty and Majestic – ‘This day I have completed your Religion for you, and I have perfected My favour upon you, and I am pleased with Islam as a Religion for you.’ ; so whatever was not (part of) the Religion on that day, is not (part of) the Religion on this day. And the last part of this Ummah will not be rectified, except by that which its first part was rectified by.” (Al-I’tisam of Imam ash-Shatibi)
Prophet (Sallallahu a’laihi wa sallam) said, “There is nothing that Allah ordered you with except that I have ordered you with it, and there is nothing that Allah forbade you from except that I have forbidden you from it.” (Bayhaqi)
It is authentically reported on the Prophet (Sallallahu a’laihi wa sallam) from numerous paths of narration that he (Sallallahu a’laihi wa sallam) said, “I have not left anything that will bring you closer to Allah and distance you from the Hellfire, except that I have commanded you with it. And I have not left anything that will bring you closer to the Hellfire and distance you from Allah except that I have forbade you from it.”
Abu Dharr (may Allah be pleased with him) said, “The Messenger (Sallallahu a’laihi wa sallam) did not even leave a bird flapping its wings in the sky except that he mentioned to us knowledge regarding it.” (Musnad Ahmad)
A man from among the mushrikun (pagans) said to Salmaan al-Farsi (may Allah be pleased with him), “Your Messenger teaches you (so much), even toilet manners.” So Salman replied, “Yes! He (Sallallahu a’laihi wa sallam) has also forbidden us to – face the qiblah while passing water or excrement, clean ourselves with less than three stones, clean ourselves with the right hand and that we clean ourselves with dung or bones.” (Muslim)
A’ishah (may Allah be pleased with her) reported that the Messenger (Sallallahu a’laihi wa sallam) said, “Whoever introduces into this affair of ours something that we [i.e., the Prophet (Sallallahu a’laihi wa sallam) and companions] have not commanded it is to be rejected.” (Buhkari,Muslim)
Imam Nawawi, as mentioned by ash-Shawkani in Naylul-Awtar, exhorts that this Hadith be mesmerised and used in counteracting the evils (munkarat) and making them batil (obsolete).
“Whosoever introduces into this religion of ours that which is not part of it then it must be rejected.” (Musnad Ahmad)
Imam Ibn Rajab said regarding this hadith, “And in this hadith is clear evidence that every action which is not legislated in the Shari’ah (Islamic law) must be rejected.” (Jami’ al-Usul)
Al-Marwazi reports in as-Sunnah that ‘Umar Ibn Abdul Aziz said, “There is no excuse for anyone, after the Sunnah, to be misguided upon error which he thought was guidance.”
“And (Moreover), this is my path. Which is straight, so follow it; and do not follow (other) ways, for you will be separated from His way. This has He instructed you so that you may become righteous.” (Surah al-An’am, 6 : 153)
Ibn Mas’ud (may Allah be pleased with him) narrated: “The Messenger of Allah (Sallallahu a’laihi wa sallam) drew a line for us and then said, “This Is Allah’s Straight Path.” Then he (Sallallahu a’laihi wa sallam) drew lines to Its right and left, then said, “These are (other) paths, upon every one of them there Is a devil calling towards It.” Then he (Sallallahu a’laihi wa sallam) recited (from Surah An’am ayat 153).” (Musnad Ahmad, Nasa’I, Mustadrak Haakim, Darimi)
Mujahid said concerning this verse, “The other ways mentioned are desires and Bid’ah.”
Ash-Shatibi while commenting on this ayah says, “The Straight Path Is the Path of Allah which He called to and It Is the Sunnah; and the paths (the other paths) are the ways of those In disagreement who hinder from Allah’s way – and they are people of Bid’ah. What Is not meant are the ways of sin, since sins are never taken by anyone as a way to follow always In opposition to the Shari’ah, rather this description is particularly to the newly Invented Innovations.”
Ibn Mas’ud was asked about “the straight path”, he replied, “The Messenger (Sallallahu a’laihi wa sallam) left us standing at its beginning and it ends in Paradise. There are fast horses on its right and its left (indicating the speed with which they would lead one to Hell) with men inviting those who pass by (on the straight path) to come with them; so whoever responds to their invitation will be lead rapidly into the Hellfire, and whoever remains on the straight path will be lead to Paradise.”
The Prophet (Sallallahu a’laihi wa sallam) said, “My likeness amongst you is that of a man who lit a fire and when it lights up what is around it, moths and these creatures which fall into the fire begin to fall into it, and he tries to prevent them but they get the better of him and plunge into the fire: so that is my likeness amongst you. I am taking hold of you by your waists to (pull you away from) the Fire (saying) ‘Come away from the Fire’, but you are overcoming me and falling into it!” (Bukhari, Muslim)
Al-Irbaad ibn Sariyah reports that the Prophet (Sallallahu a’laihi wa sallam) said, “…. I have left you upon clear guidance. Its night is like its day. No one deviates from it after me except that he is destroyed.” (Musnad Ahmad, Ibn Majah, Mustadrak Haakim)
“I have left with you two things, you would not go astray on account of them – The Book of Allah (Al-Quran) and my Sunnah …” (Mustadrak Haakim)
“… so he who follows my Sunnah has been guided, and he who follows the innovation has been destroyed.” (Musnad Ahmad)
Abu Najih Al-Irbad bin Sariyah (may Allah be pleased with him) reported: The Holy Prophet (Sallallahu a’laihi wa sallam) delivered an eloquent sermon, which greatly moved us and sent a wave of fear into our hearts and our eyes shed tears. We said to him (Sallallahu a’laihi wa sallam), “This sermon seems like the last advice; then tell us something more as advice.” He (Sallallahu a’laihi wa sallam) said, “I advise you to fear Allah (because of your obligations to Allah) and to hear and obey even a slave who may be put in authority over you. Those of you who survive me will notice many differences. It will be incumbent upon you to follow my Sunnah (tradition) and the practices of my rightly guided successors (Caliphs) and hold fast with these precepts and traditions and beware of innovations and inventions in religion, because every innovation leads to the wrong path.” (Abu Dawud, Tirmidhi, Musnad Ahmad) (Explanation of this hadith)
Umar bin Abdul Aziz (may Allah have mercy on him) said, “The Messenger of Allah (Sallallahu a’laihi wa sallam) established Sunnah practices, and his (Sallallahu a’laihi wa sallam) rightly guided Caliphs revived Sunnah practices. Observing these practices would point to the veracity of one’s belief in the Book of Allah, and one’s complete will to obey Allah, and one’s strength in the Deen of Allah. No one can distort or change these Sunnah practices, nor observe anything which opposes it. Whoever observes these practices would be guided aright, and whoever seeks the victory of Allah through it, would become victorious, and whoever opposes and belies it, and follows a path other than that of the believers, Allah would keep him in the path he has chosen, and burn him in Hell, and what an evil abode it is.” (Ighathatul Lahfan)
Hudhayfah ibn al-Yaman (may Allah be pleased with him) said, “Every act of worship that the Companions of Messenger (Sallallahu a’laihi wa sallam) did not do, do not do them.” (Abu Dawud)
The Messenger of Allah (Sallallahu a’laihi wa sallam) warned us by saying, “I warn you of extremism in the Religion for indeed those that came before you were destroyed due to their extremism in the religion.” (Nasa’i , Ibn Majah, Musnad Ahmad)
The Messenger (Sallallahu a’laihi wa sallam) said to three men who after inquiring into the worship of the Prophet (Sallallahu a’laihi wa sallam) said, “Where do we stand in comparison to the Nabi (Sallallahu a’laihi wa sallam), for Allah has forgiven his past and present sins.” One said, “I will observe prayer all night every night.” The other said, “I will observe fast every day.” The third said, “I will keep away from women and never marry.” However Allah’s Messenger (Sallallahu a’laihi wa sallam) said to them, “Is it you who said such and such a thing? By Allah! I fear Allah the most from amongst you, but I fast and I eat, I pray and I sleep and I also marry. Whoever turns away from my Sunnah Is not of me.” (Bukhari, Muslim)
This Hadith clearly shows that the three people concerned did not wish to do anything bad but rather wanted to be closer to Allah and have their sins forgiven, but the fatality of their decisions fay in the fact that they wanted to do that which is not shown by the Sunnah, They were motivated by the best of intentions yet their actions were to be so deplorable that the Messenger (Sallallahu a’laihi wa sallam) had to explain to them that if what they wanted to do were prompted by their fear of Allah then they should know that he (Sallallahu a’laihi wa sallam) feared Allah the most and they should do nothing else but follow the Sunnah which is the only way and the best way to worship Allah whom we fear. A severe warning was then given showing that when we keep aloof from the Sunnah and adopt our own methods we in effect detach ourselves from being part of his (Sallallahu a’laihi wa sallam) Ummah.
An outstanding characteristic of the Sahabah is their absolute adherence to the Sunnah of the Prophet, (Sallallahu a’laihi wa sallam) and their absolute disaproval of Bid`ah. Some Sahabah narrated the following story:
Ibn Abbas said: We used to sit in front of Abdullah ibn Mas’ud’s house before the Fajr prayer waiting to go with him to the Masjid.
Abu Musa al-Ash’ari came and asked us –“Did Abu Abdur-Rahman (i.e. Ibn Mas’ud) leave yet?”
We answered, “No.”
So Abu Musa al-Ash’ari sat with us waiting for him. When he came out, we all stood up. Abu Musa told him, “Oh, Abu Abdur-Rahman! I recently saw something in the Masjid which I did not approve.”
Ibn Mas’ud asked, “What was it?”
Abu Musa said, “You will see it if you stay alive. In the Masjid, I saw a group of people sitting in circles waiting for the Salat. Each circle is led by a person. And every person in these circles carries small stones. The leader of a circle would say – Say: ‘Allahu Akbar’ a hundred times, they will say ‘Allahu Akbar’ a hundred times; then he says, Say: ‘La ilaha Illa Allah’ a hundred times, they will say ‘La ilaha ill Allah’ a hundred times; he they says: Say: ‘Subhan Allah’ a hundred times, they will say ‘Subhan Allah’ a hundred times.”
Then Ibn Mas’ud said, “What did you tell them?”
He said, “I didn’t say anything, I wanted to wait for your opinion.”
Abdullah ibn Mas’ud said, “Could you not order them to count their sins, and assured them of getting their rewards.”
Then Abdullah ibn Mas’ud went ahead and we accompanied him. As he approached one of the circles, he said, “What is this that you are doing?”
They said, “Oh! Abu Abdur-Rahman, these are pebbles to count the number of times we say Allahu Akbar, La ilaha Illa Allah, and Subhan Allah.”
He said, “Count your own sins, and I assure you that you are not going to lose anything of your rewards (Hasanat). Woe unto you, people of Muhammad (Sallallahu a’laihi wa sallam), how fast you will be doomed. Those are your Prophet (Sallallahu a’laihi wa sallam)’s companions available, these are his (Sallallahu a’laihi wa sallam) clothes not worn out yet, and his pots (Sallallahu a’laihi wa sallam) are not broken yet. I swear by Whom my soul is in His Hands that you are either following a religion that is better than the Prophet (Sallallahu a’laihi wa sallam)’s religion or you are opening a door of aberration.”
They said, “We swear by Allah, oh, Abu Abdur-Rahman, that we had no intention other than doing good deeds.”
He said, “So what? How many people wanted to do good deeds but never got to do them? The Prophet (Sallallahu a’laihi wa sallam) of Allah has told us about people who recited the Qur’an with no effect on them other than the Qur’an passing through their throats. I swear by Allah, I am almost sure that most of you are from that type of people.”
Then he left them.
Amr Ibn Salamah said, “We saw most of the people of those circles fighting us with the Khawarij in the battle of An-Nahrawan.” (Related by Ad-Darimi and Abu Na’im with an authentic chain.)
Abdullah ibn Abi Salamah reported that when the Sahabi Sa‘d ibn Malik, heard two men on Hajj saying, “Labbayk Thal-Ma‘aarij (We hear and are coming Oh Owner of the routes of ascent)”, Sa‘d said, “We never used to say that during the Prophet (Sallallahu a’laihi wa sallam)’s time.”
Imam Abu Hanifah said, “Stick to the narrations and the way of the Salaf, and beware of newly-invented matters for all of it is innovation.” (Sawnul Mantaq of as-Suyuti)
Imam Ahmad said, “The fundmental principles of the Sunnah with us are – … avoiding bid’ah and every bid’ah is misguidance.” (Usool as-Sunnah)
Imam Malik said, “Nothing will benefit the Ummah to come except that which benefited the early Ummah.” (Ibn Taymiyyah in Qa’idah Jalilah wa Tawassul wal-Wasilah).
Imam Ibn al-Jawzi quotes in his book Talbis Iblis, “Patiently restrict yourself to the Sunnah and do not go beyond the positions held by the Sahahah (the Companions); hold their position and avoid what they avoided. Take the path of the Salaf us-Salihin (the Companions and the pious predecessors in the way of the Companions), for verily what was sufficient for them is sufficient for you.”
Imam Zuhri approving of the attitude of Imam Malik and saying, “Clinging to the Sunnah is to be saved as Malik said, ‘Like the Ark of Noah’, he who embarked was saved and he who did not was destroyed.” (Darimi)
Imaam Sufyan ath-Thawri said, “No word is accepted without action, and no word and action are correct without intention, and no word, action and intention are correct unless they in accordance with the Sunnah.”
Sufyaan ath-Thawri also said, “Innovations are more beloved to shaytan than sin, since a sin may be repented from but a bid’ah is not repented from.” (Sharh Usul I’tiqad)
This is because the innovator believes he is doing something good and therefore sees no need to repent.
He also said, “… so cling to the original state of affairs,” (al-Hilya); meaning the way of the Prophet (Sallallahu a’laihi wa sallam) and companions.
Shaykh al-Barbahari states, “May Allah have mercy upon you. Know that the Religion is what came from Allah, the Blessed and the Most High. It is not something left to the intellect and opinions of men. Knowledge of it is what comes from Allah and His Messenger (Sallallahu a’laihi wa sallam), so do not follow anything based upon your desires and so deviate away from the Religion and leave Islam. There will be no excuse for you since Allah’s Messenger (Sallallahu a’laihi wa sallam) explained the Sunnah to his (Sallallahu a’laihi wa sallam) Ummah and made it clear to his (Sallallahu a’laihi wa sallam) Companions and they are the Jama’ah and they are the Main Body, and the Main Body is the truth and its followers.”
“And whoever opposes the Messenger after guidance has become clear to him and follows other than the way of the believers – We will give him what he has taken (i.e., make him responsible for his choice) and drive him into Hell, and evil it is as a destination.” (Surah an-Nisa, 4 : 115)
Imam Ibn Kathir said concerning this verse, “This refers to those who take a path other than the one which the Messenger (Sallallahu a’laihi wa sallam) came with; so they became on one side and the Shari’ah on the other, despite the fact that the truth had become clear to them and they knew this.”
The Prophet (Sallallahu a’laihi wa sallam) said, “All of my Ummah would enter Jannah, except him who refuses to enter it.” It was said, “Who would refuse to enter it?” He (Sallallahu a’laihi wa sallam) said, “Whoever obeys me would enter Jannah , and whoever disobeys me has refused to enter it.” (Bukhari – hadith 6851)
Abdullah Ibn Mas’ud narrated that the Prophet (Sallallahu a’laihi wa sallam) said, “I will be ahead of you in reaching my fountain, and there will be people who will be prevented from reaching it, therefore, I will say, ‘My Lord! These are my followers!’ It will be said, ‘You do not know what they innovated and altered after you (i.e., after your death).’ Therefore, I will say, ‘Let those who altered (the religion) be kept away (in a humiliated place).’ ” (Bukhari, Muslim)
“Whoever innovates or accommodates an innovator then upon him is the curse of Allah, His Angels and the whole of mankind.” (Bukhari, Muslim)
“Let those beware who withstand the Messenger’s orders, unless some fitnah befalls them or a grievous penalty be inflicted on them.” (Surah an-Nur, 24 : 63)
Imam Ibn Kathir said concerning this verse, “It refers to those who differ from the Prophet (Sallallahu a’laihi wa sallam) in any way, whether in his (Sallallahu a’laihi wa sallam) Sunnah, Shari’ah or methodology. All words and deeds must be weighed according to his (Sallallahu a’laihi wa sallam) words and deeds, if they coincide then that is acceptable, otherwise, it will be rejected by Allah regardless of who these words and deeds came from, as the Prophet (Sallallahu a’laihi wa sallam) said, ‘He who does something which is not according to what we [i.e., the Prophet (Sallallahu a’laihi wa sallam) and companions] are upon, then it is rejected (by Allah).’(Muslim)”
A man asked Imam Malik, “At which point do I initiate my state of Ihraam?” He replied, “From Thul Hulayfah – where the Prophet (Sallallahu a’laihi wa sallam) did so.” The man retorted, “I wish to do it from the area beside the grave of the Prophet (Sallallahu a’laihi wa sallam).”
Imam Malik said, “Do not do that, for I fear that if you do so, you will be afflicted with trials.” The man replied, “Why would I be afflicted with trials? All I wanted was to do it from a place which is only a few miles away from where you told me!”
Imam Malik said upon hearing this, “What can be more serious than feeling that you performed a righteous deed that the Prophet (Sallallahu a’laihi wa sallam) failed to do? I heard the saying of Allah – ‘So let those beware who withstand the Messenger’s order, unless some fitnah befalls them or a grievous penalty be inflicted on them.’ ”
“On the Day (some) faces will turn white and (some) faces will turn black, (to them it will be said), ‘Did you disbelieve (i.e., reject faith) after your belief ? Then taste the punishment for what you used to reject.’ ” (Surah ali Imran, 3 : 106)
Ibn Abbas (may Allah be pleased with him) said concerning this verse, “The faces of the people who adhered to the Sunnah will turn white and bright, while the faces of the innovators will turn black and gloomy.”
Imam Qurtubi (may Allah have mercy upon him) said, “He who innovates or changes anything of the religion of Allah, will be amongst the black faced people who will be prevented from reaching the Prophet (Sallallahu a’laihi wa sallam)’s fountain and therefore prohibited from drinking from it.”
Anas Ibn Malik narrated that the Prophet (Sallallahu a’laihi wa sallam) said, “Allah does not accept the repentance of an innovator until he abandons his innovation.” (Tabarani, Bayhaqi)
“Indeed you have in the Messenger of Allah an excellent example for the one who hopes in Allah and looks to the Last Day.” (Surah al-Ahzab, 33 : 21)
Ibn Abbas (may Allah be pleased with him) was circumambulating the Ka’bah with Mu’awiyah Ibn Abu Sufyan (may Allah be pleased with him) and his father during Mu’awiyah’s reign.
Mu’awiyah would touch all four corners of the Ka’bah while circumambulating and so Ibn Abbas remarked, “The Prophet (Sallallahu a’laihi wa sallam) only touched two corners (the black stone and the Yemeni corner).”
Mu’awiyah replied, “No part of the house of Allah should be neglected.”
Thereupon, Ibn ‘Abbas recited the ayah – “There has certainly been for you in the Messenger of Allah an excellent pattern (i.e., example to be followed) for anyone whose hope is in Allah and the Last Day and (who) remembers Allah often.”
Upon hearing this ayah, Mu’awiyah refrained.
“And take what the Messenger gives you and refrain from what he forbids you.” (Surah al-Hashr, 59 : 7)
The Messenger (Sallallahu a’laihi wa sallam) said, “When I order you with something, then do as much of it as you can, and when I forbid you from something, then avoid it.” (Bukhari, Muslim)
A’ishah (may Allah be pleased with her) reported that the Messenger (Sallallahu a’laihi wa sallam) performed an act and gave permission for it to be done, but some people kept themselves aloof from it. This news reached the Messenger (Sallallahu a’laihi wa sallam) and he (Sallallahu a’laihi wa sallam) delivered a khutbah (sermon) praising Allah and then said,
“What is the matter with the people that they avoid doing a thing which I do. By Allah, I have the best knowledge of Allah amongst them and I fear Him the most.” (Bukhari, Muslim)
Once a man sneezed in the presence of Ibn Umar and said, “Praise be to Allah and peace be upon the Rasul.” Ibn Umar chastised the man and said, “The Prophet (Sallallahu a’laihi wa sallam) has only taught us to say ‘Alhumdulillaah.’ “ (Tirmidhi)
Alqama (may Allah be pleased with him) reported: A woman came to Ibn Mas’ud and said, “I have heard that you forbid tattooing and the use of false hair – is that something you have found in the Book of Allah or from the Messenger (Sallallahu a’laihi wa sallam) ?” He said, “Rather it is something which I have found in the Book of Allah and from the Messenger (Sallallahu a’laihi wa sallam).”
She said, “By Allah I have read the mushaf from cover to cover and I have not found in it what you say.”
He said, “Did you not find in it – ‘And take what the Messenger gives you and refrain from what he forbids you’ ? She said, “Yes.”
He said, “Certainly I have heard the Messenger (Sallallahu a’laihi wa sallam) forbid the use of false hair, tattooing and plucking out facial hair.”
She said, “Perhaps it is present in some of your family?” He said, “Then enter and look.”
So she entered and looked, then left.
She said, “I did not see anything (objectionable).”
So he said to her, “Have you not memorised the testament of the righteous servant – ‘I do not wish to do in opposition to you concerning what I forbid you to do.’ ?” (Bukhari, Muslim, Musnad Ahmad)
Ibn Taymiyyah said, “In fact, the kufr of Jews and Christians is because of ‘Bid’ah’. They introduced new things into the religion and those things took them completely away from the true message of Prophet Musa (Moses) and Prophet Isa (Jesus).”
“(They are) those whose effort is lost in worldly life, while they think they are doing well in work.” (Surah al-Kahf, 18 : 104)
Imam at-Tabari said concerning this verse, “It refers to anyone who did an act thinking it to be correct and something that was in obedience to Allah and something that pleased him, while in reality, it was a way of disobeying Allah and straying away from the path of the believers.”
Imam Ibn Rajab al-Hanbali said in his book on bidah, “…. Performing prohibitions acts with the intention of pleasing Allah is a Bid’ah, such as singing songs about Him.”
“And do not be like those who became divided and differed after the clear proofs had come to them. And they will have a great punishment.” (Surah ali Imran, 3 : 105)
Imam Qurtubi said, “This verse refers to the Jews and the Christians according to the majority of the scholars, but others have said that it refers to innovators within the Muslim nation.”