QURANIC VERSES WITH TAFSEER,HADITH AND ATHAR
(1) “This day have those who reject faith given up all hope of your religion: yet do not fear them but fear Me. This Day have I perfected your Deen for you, completed My Favours upon you and have chosen for you Islaam as your Deen.” (soorah AI-Maa’idah, 5: 3)
This ayah embodies a clear statement that the deen has been completed and thus has no need of addition or deletion. Understanding this aayah (verse) is vital to all combat against innovations and sticking to the revealed way.
This aayah was revealed on the Day of Arafah and no Halaal and Haraam was revealed after it till our Messenger (Saw) passed away, which was according to the Tafseer of lbn Jareer eighty-one days after it. When this aayah was revealed, Umar wept, so the Messenger (Saw) said to him, ” What makes you weep?” He said, “ I wept since we used to he in receipt of increase in our Deen, however, if it is completed, then that which is complete can only decrease (thereafter)” So he (Saw) said, “You have spoken truthfully.”
Umar understood that if Ihe revelation has ceased concerning recommendation, command and prohibition pertaining to worshipping Him, then the Messenger (Saw) was soon to leave this world, and how true he was in observing that only decrease in guidance can take place is borne out by the fulfilment of the Hadeeth where the Messenger (Saw) informed us, “Verily Islaam began as a stranger and will return as a stranger – therefore give glad tidings to the strangers.”
It is authentically reported on the Prophet (Saw) from numerous paths of narration that he (Saw) said: “I have not left anything that will bring you closer to Allaah and distance you from the Hellfire, except that I have commanded you with it. And I have not left anything that will bring you closer to the Hellfire and distance you from Allaah except that I have forbade you from it.”
The people and their favourite condescending “scholars” have simply not cared to do justice to this aayah. Even the accursed Jews recognised the significance of this aayah and thus approached Umar and exclaimed, as occurs in Bukhaaree. “You read a verse which if it had been revealed lo us we would have taken it as an ‘Eid (a public holiday for celebrations) ” So Umar said. “I know when it was revealed and where it was revealed and where the Messenger (Saw) was when it was revealed: The pay of Arafah – and by Allaah i was at Arafah”. In a similar narration in Musnad Ahmad. Umar further states that it was in the evening of Arafah being the Day of Jumu’ah Alee said, “This aayah was revealed to the Messenger (Saw) while he was standing in the evening (between Asr and Maghrib) of Arafah.” (reported by Ibn Mardawaih)
Don’t you see? The Companions knew the exact time and place of the revelation of the aayah which favoured them with the assurance and approval of Allaah of having the complete and perfect Deen, a favour from the Lord of the worlds which is enviable to the extreme for a nation, a fact to give rise to justified hope and exuberant joy in the hearts and minds of people of that nation, yet. for all that it constituted and all the above and more so that even the wretched Jews recognised and envied it. the Companions did not innovate and do anything special to commemorate this great honour. Doing so would have made them violate the very truth of this aayah and would have been an act so perverse as to make them do something tantamount to denying the verse and give precedence to their own desires, something which the noble Companions were very far from ever doing at any time unlike so many of us today.
Imaam Ibn Katheer, may Allaahhave mercy upon him, said:
“One of the greatest bounties from Allaah upon the Muslim nation is that He completed and perfected the religion of Islaam for them, so they have no need of any other religion or Prophet other than their Prophet. This is precisely why Allaah made Muhammad sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallamthe seal of all Prophets and sent him to the Jinn as well as mankind. The only matters which are lawful are those that the Messenger sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam made lawful and the only matters which are unlawful are those which he made unlawful. The only things that can be considered as part of the religion of Islaam are those which he conveyed; and that which he did not convey can never and will never be part of the religion. Everything that the Messenger sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallamsaid was true and correct without even a trace of error or dishonesty.”
Imaam Maalik, may Allaah have mercy upon him, said concerning this verse:
“He who innovates a new Bid’ah in Islaam considering it to be something good is in effect claiming that Muhammad sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam did not fully convey the message of Islaam… So whatever was not apart of the religion at that time (i.e., the time of the Prophet and his companions) cannot be considered as a part of the religion today.”
Prophet sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam said, “There is nothing that Allaah ordered you with except that I have ordered you with it, and there is nothing that Allaah forbade you from except that I have forbidden you from it.” [Bayhaqi (7:76)]
Abu Dharr (ra) said: “The Messenger (sallallaahu alayhi wasallam) did not even leave a bird flapping its wings in the sky except that he mentioned to us knowledge regarding it.” (Ahmad)
Aa’isha reported that the Messenger (Saw) said: “Whoever introduces into this affair of ours something that we have not commanded it is to be rejected.” (Saheeh – narrated by al-Buhkaaree and Muslim).
Imaam Nawawee, as mentioned by ash-Shaukaanee in Nayl-ul-Awtaar, exhorts that this Hadeeth be mesmerised and used in counteracting the evils (munkarat) and making them baatil (obsolete).
“Whosoever introduces into this religion of ours that which is not part of it then it must be rejected.” [Ahmad]
“And in this hadith is clear evidence that every action which is not legislated in the Sharee’ah (Islamic law) must be rejected.” [Jamia al-Usool 1/120 of Ibn Rajab]
Imaam Maalik (rahimahullaah) said : “Whosoever introduces into Islaam an innovation, which he deems is good, then he has claimed that Muhammad has betrayed (the trust of conveying) the Message. Read the saying of Allaah, the Mighty and Majestic: ‘This day I have completed your Religion for you, and I have perfected My favour upon you, and I am pleased with Islaam as a Religion for you.’ [Surat-ul-Maa’idah: 3] So whatever was not (part of) the Religion on that day, is not (part of) the Religion on this day. And the last part of this ummah (nation) will not be rectified, except by that which its first part was rectified by.” (Al-I’tisaam of Ash-Shaalibee)
lmaam Maalik said: “Whatever was not Deen at the time of the Prophet (Saw) cannot be considered to be a part of the Deen today.”
Al-Marwazee reports in as-Sunnah (no. 95) that ‘Umar ibn ‘Abd Allah-‘Azeez said, “There is no excuse for anyone, after the Sunnah, to be misguided upon error which he thought was guidance.”
A man from among the mushrikoon (pagans) said to Salmaan al-Farsee (ra): “Your Messenger teaches you (so much), even toilet manners.” So Salmaan replied: “Yes! He has also forbidden us to face the qiblah while passing water or excrement or that we clean ourselves with less than three stones, or that we clean ourselves with the right hand or that we clean ourselves with dung or bones.” (Muslim).
(2) “And [Moreover], this is my path. Which is straight, so follow it; and do not follow [other] ways, for you will be separated from His way. This has He instructed you so that you may become righteous.” (Al-An’aam: 153).
Ibn Mas’ood narrated: “The Messenger of Allaah (Saw) drew a line for us and then said: ‘This Is Allaah’s Straight Path.’ Then he drew lines to Its right and left, then he said: ‘These are (other) paths, upon every one of them there Is a devil calling towards It.’ Then he recited (from soorah An’aam aayah 153).” (Saheeh -narrated by Ahmad, an-Nasaa’ee. al-Haakim and ad-Daarimee)
Ibn Mas’ood, may Allaah be pleased with him, was asked about ‘the straight path’, he replied: “Muhammad sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam left us standing at its beginning and it ends in Paradise. There are fast horses on its right and its left (indicating the speed with which they would lead one to Hell) with men inviting those who pass by (on the straight path) to come with them; so whoever responds to their invitation will be lead rapidly into the Hellfire, and whoever remains on the straight path will be lead to Paradise.”
Mujaahid, may Allaah have mercy upon him, said concerning this verse: “The other ways mentioned are desires and innovations.”
Ash-Shaatibee while commenting on this aayah says: “The Straight Path Is the Path of Allaah which He called to and It Is the Sunnah, and the paths (the other paths) are the ways of those In disagreement who hinder from Allaah’s way – and they are people of Innovation, What Is not meant are the ways of sin, since sins are never taken by anyone as a way to follow always In opposition to the Sharee’ah, rather this description Is particularly to the newly Invented Innovations.”
Al-‘Irbaad ibn Saariyah, reports that the Prophet said, “…. I have left you upon clear guidance. Its night is like its day. No one deviates from it after me except that he is destroyed.” Reported by Ahmad, Ibn Maajah (no. 43) and al-Haakim.
“…so he who follows my Sunnah has been guided, and he who follows the innovation has been destroyed.” [Ahmad]
‘I have left with you two things …you would not go astray on account of them. The Book of Allah and my Sunnah, they would not part until they gather with me at my Hawd on the Day of Resurrection.’ (Haakim #319 )
Abu Najih Al-‘Irbad bin Sariyah (may Allah be pleased with him) reported,
“The Holy Prophet (peace be upon him) delivered an eloquent sermon, which greatly moved us and sent a wave of fear into our hearts and our eyes shed tears. We said to him, ‘This sermon seems like the last advice; then tell us something more as advice.’ He said, ‘I advise you to fear Allah (because of your obligations to Allah) and to hear and obey even a slave who may be put in authority over you. Those of you who survive me will notice many differences. It will be incumbent upon you to follow my Sunnah (tradition) and the practices of my rightly guided successors (Caliphs) and hold fast with these precepts and traditions and beware of innovations and inventions in religion, because every innovation leads to the wrong path.’” (Recorded by Abu Dawud and At-Tirmidhy who said that it was an authentic Hadith,also recorded in Ahmad) (Read it’s explanation).
The Messenger of Allaah (SAW) warned from this by saying,”I warn you of extremism in the Religion for indeed those that came before you were destroyed due to their extremism in the religion.”[Reported by an-Nasaa’ee (5/268), ibn Maajah (no. 3029), Ahmad (1/215, 347) with a saheeh sanad.]
The Messenger (Saw) said to three men who after inquiring into the worship of the Prophet (Saw) said: “Where do we stand in comparison to the Nabee [Prophet (Saw)] for Allaah has forgiven his past and present sins.” One said: “I will observe prayer all night every night.” The other said: ‘I will observe fast every day.’ The third said: I will keep away from women and never marry.’ However Allaah’s Messenger (Saw) said to them, ‘Is it you who said such and such a thing? By Allaah! I fear Allaah the most from amongst you, but I fast and 1 eat, I pray and I sleep and I also marry. Whoever turns away from my Sunnah Is not of me.’ (Saheeh – narrated by al-Bukhaaree and Muslim) ,
This Hadeeth clearly shows that the three people concerned did not wish to do anything bad but rather wanted to be closer to Allaah and have their sins forgiven, but the fatality of their decisions fay in the fact that they wanted to do that which is not shown by the Sunnah, They were motivated by the best of intentions yet their actions were to be so deplorable that the Messenger (Saw) had to explain to them that if what they wanted to do were prompted by their fear of Allaah then they should know that he (Saw) feared Allaah the most and they should do nothing else but follow the Sunnah which is the only way and the best way to worship Allaah whom we fear. A severe warning was then given showing that when we keep aloof from the Sunnah and adopt our own methods we in effect detach ourselves from being part of his Ummah.
An outstanding characteristic of the Sahabah is their absolute adherence to the Sunnah of the Prophet, salla Allaahu Alaihe wa sallam, and their absolute disaproval of Bid`ah (innovation). Some Sahabah narrated the following story:
Ibn Abbaas said: “We used to sit in front of Abdullah ibn Masoud’s house before the Fajr prayer waiting to go with him to the Masjid. Abou Mousa al-Ash`aarie came and asked us:
‘Did Abu Abdurrahman (i.e. Ibn Masoud) leave yet?’
We answered: ‘No.’
So Abou Mousa Al-Ash`aarie sat with us waiting for him. When he came out, we all stood up. Abou Mousa told him:
“Oh, Abu Abdurrahman! I recently saw something in the Masjid which I did not approve.”
Ibn Masoud then asked: “What was it?”
Abou Mousa said: “You will see it if you stay alive..In the Masjid, I saw a group of people sitting in circles waiting for the Salat. Each circle is led by a person. And every person in these circles carries small stones.
The leader of a circle would say: ‘Say ‘Allah-u Akbar’ a hundred times,’ they will say Allah-u Akbar a hundred times; then he says ‘Say ‘La ilaha Illa Allah’, a hundred times” they will say La ilaha ill Allah a hundred times; he they says: ‘Say ‘Subhan Allah’, a hundred times, they will say Subhana Allah a hundred times.
Then Ibn Masoud said: “What did you tell them?”
He said: ‘I didn’t say anything, I wanted to wait for your opinion.”
Abdullah ibn Masoud said: “Could you not order them to count their sins, and assured them of getting their rewards.”
Then Abdulah ibn Masoud went ahead and we accompanied him. As he approached one of the circles, he said: “What is this that you are doing?”
They said: “Oh! Abu Abdurrahman, these are pebbles to count the number of times we say Allah-u Akbar, La ilaha Ill Allah, and Subhana Allah.”
He said: “Count your own sins, and I assure you that you are not going to lose anything of your rewards (Hasanat).. Woe unto you, people of Muhammad, how fast you will be doomed. Those are your Prophet’s companions available, these are his clothes not worn out yet, and his pots are not broken yet. I swear by Whom my soul is in His Hands that you are either following a religion that is better than the Prophet’s religion or you are opening a door of aberration.”
They said: “We swear by Allah, oh, Abu Abdur rahman, that we had no intention other than doing good deeds.”
He said: “So what? How many people wanted to do good deeds but never got to do them? The Prophet (Saw) of Allah has told us about people who recited the Qur’an with no effect on them other than the Qur’an passing through their throats. I swear by Allah, I am almost sure that most of you are from that type of people.”
Then he left them.
Amr Ibn Salamah said: “We saw most of the people of those circles fighting us with the Khawarij in the battle of An-Nahrawan.” “
- Related by Ad-Daremie and Abu Na`eim with an authentic chain.
[ad-Daarimee in his Sunan, 1/79]
‘ Abdullaah ibn Abee Salamah reported that when the Sahaabee, Sa‘d ibn Maalik, heard two men on Hajj saying, “Labbayk Thal-Ma‘aarij (We hear and are coming Oh Owner of the routes of ascent)”, Sa‘d said, “We never used to say that during the Prophet’s time.”
Ibn Umar said, “Every innovation is misguidance even if the people regard it to be something good.” (reported by ad-Daarimce with Saheeh isnaad).
‘Abdullaah ibn Mas’ood, said, “Follow and do not innovate, for you have been given that which is sufficient and every innovation is misguidance.” (Reported by Abu Khaithamah in Kitaab Ul-‘Ilm (no. 540), also nareted by Ad-darimi)
Hudhayfah ibn al-Yamaan said: “Every act of worship that the Companions of Messenger (Saw) did not do, do not do them.” (Saheeh – narrated by Aboo Daawood).
Prophet (saw) said, “My likeness amongst you is that of a man who lit a fire and when it lights up what is around it, moths and these creatures which fall into the fire begin to fall into it, and he tries to prevent them but they get the better of him and plunge into the fire: so that is my likeness amongst you. I am taking hold of you by your waists to (pull you away from) the Fire (saying) ”Come away from the Fire’, but you are overcoming me and falling into it.!” (Saheeh – narrated by Imaani Bukhaaree and Imaam Muslim from Abdur Razzaak).
Umar b. Abdul – Aziz, may Allah have mercy on him, said: ‘The Messenger of Allah (Saw) established Sunnah practices, and his rightly guided Caliphs revived Sunnah practices. Observing these practices would point to the veracity of one’s belief in the Book of Allah, and one’s complete will to obey Allah, and one’s strength in the Deen of Allah. No one can distort or change these Sunnah practices, nor observe anything which opposes it. Whoever observes these practices would be guided aright, and whoever seeks the victory of Allah through it, would become victorious, and whoever opposes and belies it, and follows a path other than that of the believers, Allah would keep him in the path he has chosen, and burn him in Hell, and what an evil abode it is. (Ighaathatul Lahfaan 1/159)
Imaam Abu Hanifah said, “Stick to the narrations and the way of the Salaf, and beware of newly-invented matters for all of it is innovation.” [Sawnul Mantaq of as-Suyuti p32]
Imaam Ahmad said, “The fundmental principles of the Sunnah with us are: … avoiding innovation and every innovation is misguidance.” [Usool us Sunnah p.1]
Imaam Maalik said: “Nothing will benefit the Ummah to come except that which benefited the early Ummah.” (Ibn Taymiyyah in Qaa’idah Jaleclah vva Tawwasul wal-Waseelah).
Ibn al-Jawzee quotes in his book Talbees Iblees the Imaam al-Awzaa’ee who said, “Patiently restrict yourself to the Sunnah and do not go beyond the positions held hy the Sahaahah (the Companions); hold their position and avoid what they avoided. Take the path of the Salaf us-Saaliheen (the Companions and the pious predecessors in the way of the Companions), for verily what was sufficient for them is sufficient for you.”
Imaam Zuhree approving of the attitude of Imaam Maalik and saying, “Clinging to the Sunnah is to be saved as Maalik said, ‘Like the Ark of Noah’, he who embarked was saved and he who did not was destroyed.” (Ad-darimi)
Imaam al-Awzaa’ee said, “Patiently restrict yourselves to the Sunnah, and pause where the people paused, say what they said, and avoid what they avoided. Take to the path of the Salaf (predecessors), for indeed, what was sufficient for them is sufficient for you.” [ash-Sharee’ah p58]
Al-Awzaa’i, may Allaah have mercy upon him, said: “Persevere on adherence to the Sunnah; stop where they (the companions of the Prophet sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) stopped; refrain from what they refrained from and follow the way of the Salaf because what sufficed them will suffice you.”
Imaam Sufyan ath-Thauree said, “No word is accepted without action and no word and action are correct without intention, and no word, action and intention are correct unless they in accordance with the Sunnah.”
Sufyaan ath-Thawri said, “Innovations are more beloved to shaytaan than sin, since a sin may be repented from but an innovation is not repented from.” [Sharh Usool I’tiqaad of al-Laalikaaee (d. 414h) no.238, the great 4th century Imaam who wrote on the belief of Ahl usSunnah.] This is because the innovator believes he is doing something good and therefore sees no need to repent. He also said, “…so cling to the original state of affairs,” [al-Hilya 6/376] meaning the way of the Prophet sallallaahu alayhi wa sallam and his companions.
Shaykh al-Barbaharee (D. 329H Rahimahullah) states: May Allah have mercy upon you. Know that the Religion is what came from Allaah, the Blessed and the Most High. It is not something left to the intellect and opinions of men. Knowledge of it is what comes from Allaah and His Messenger, so do not follow anything based upon your desires and so deviate away from the Religion and leave Islam. There will be no excuse for you since Allaah’s Messenger explained the Sunnah to his Ummah and made it clear to his Companions and they are the Jamaa’ah and they are the Main Body, and the Main Body is the truth and its followers.
(3) “And whoever opposes the Messenger after guidance has become clear to him and follows other than the way of the believers – We will give him what he has taken [i.e., make him responsible for his choice] and drive him into Hell, and evil it is as a destination.” (An-Nisaa’: 115).
Imaam Ibn Katheer, may Allaah have mercy upon him, said concerning this verse: “This refers to those who take a path other than the one which the Messenger sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam came with; so they became on one side and the Sharee’ah on the other, despite the fact that the truth had become clear to them and they knew this.”
‘Abdullaah Ibn Mas’ood, may Allaah be pleased with him, narrated that the Prophet sallallaahu alayhi wa sallam said: “I will be ahead of you in reaching my fountain, and there will be people who will be prevented from reaching it, therefore, I will say: ‘My Lord! These are my followers!’ It will be said: ‘You do not know what they innovated and altered after you.’ (i.e., after your death) Therefore, I will say: ‘Let those who altered (the religion) be kept away. (in a humiliated place).” (Bukhaari & Muslim).
“ Whoever innovates or accomodates an innovator then upon him is the curse of Allaah, His Angels and the whole of mankind. ” Reported by Bukhaaree (12/41) and Muslim (9/140)
The Prophet (Saw) said: ‘All of my Ummah would enter Jannah, except him who refuses to enter it.’ It was said: ‘Who would refuse to enter it?’ He said: ‘Whoever obeys me would enter Jannah , and whoever disobeys me has refused to enter it.’ (Bukhari #6851)
(4) “Let those beware who withstand the Rasool’s orders, unless some fitnah befalls them or a grievous penalty be inflicted on them.” (soorah An-Noor 24: 63).
Imaam Ibn Katheer, may Allaah have mercy upon him, said concerning this verse: “It refers to those who differ from the Prophet sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallamin any way, whether in his Sunnah, Sharee’ah or methodology. All words and deeds must be weighed according to his words and deeds, if they coincide then that is acceptable, otherwise, it will be rejected by Allaah regardless of who these words and deeds came from, as the Prophet sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam said:“He who does something which is not according to what we (i.e., the Prophet sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam and his companions) are upon, then it is rejected (by Allaah)”(Muslim).”
The fitnah (trial) mentioned in the above aayah is explained to be kufr (disbelief), nifaq (hypocrisy) or bid’ah in their hearts, while the grievous penalty is understood to mean all forms of suffering in this world. (Ibn Katheer).
Imaam Ahmad (rh) said: “Do you know what the trial is? The trial is Shirk. Maybe when he rejects some of the words of the Prophet (sallallaahu alayhi wasallam) deviation and corruption falls into his heart so he is destroyed.”
Ibn Abbaas (ra) said: “It is almost as if stones from the sky will fall upon you, I say to you the Messenger of Allaah (sallallaahu alayhi wasallam) said this and you say Abu Bakr and Umar said that”.
A man asked Imaam Maalik, may Allaah have mercy upon him: “At which point do I initiate my state of Ihraam?” he replied: “From Thul Hulayfah – where the Prophet sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam did so” the man retorted: “I wish to do it from the area beside the grave of the Prophet sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam” Imaam Maalik said: “Do not do that, for I fear that if you do so, you will be afflicted with trials” the man replied: “Why would I be afflicted with trials? All I wanted was to do it from a place which is only a few miles away from where you told me!” Imaam Maalik said upon hearing this: “What can be more serious than feeling that you performed a righteous deed that the Prophet sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam failed to do? I heard the saying of Allaah (which translates as): “So let those beware who dissent from his [i.e., the Prophet’s] order lest trials strike them or a painful punishment.””(An-Noor: 63)
(5) “Say: “He has power to send torment on you from above or from under your feet, or to cover you with confusion in party strife, and make you to taste the violence of one another.” [Al-An’aam 6:65]
From Ibn ‘Abbaas that: “Covering you with confusion in party strife, this is the divergent and varying desires (i.e. innovations).”
(6) “On the Day [some] faces will turn white and [some] faces will turn black, [to them it will be said]: ‘Did you disbelieve [i.e., reject faith] after your belief? Then taste the punishment for what you used to reject.’” (Aal ‘Imraan: 106).
Ibn ‘Abbaas, may Allaah be pleased with him,said concerning this verse: “The faces of the people who adhered to the Sunnah will turn white and bright, while the faces of the innovators will turn black and gloomy”.
Al-Qurtubi, may Allaah have mercy upon him,said: “He who innovates or changes anything of the religion of Allaah will be amongst the black faced people who will be prevented from reaching the Prophet’s fountain and therefore prohibited from drinking from it”.
Anas Ibn Maalik, may Allaah be pleased with him, narrated that the Prophet sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam said: “Allaah does not accept the repentance of an innovator until he abandons his innovation” (At-Tabaraani & Bayhaqi).
(7) “Indeed you have in the Messenger of Allaah an excellent example for the one who hopes in Allaah and looks to the Last Day.” (soorah Al-Ahzaab 33:21)
Ibn ‘Abbaas, may Allaah be pleased with him,was circumambulating the Ka’bah with Mu’aawiyah Ibn Abu Sufyaan, may Allaah be pleased with him and his father, during Mu’aawiyah’s reign. Mu’aawiyah would touch all four corners of the Ka’bah while circumambulating and so Ibn ‘Abbaas remarked: “The Prophet (Saw) only touched two corners (the black stone and the Yemeni corner).” Mu’aawiyah replied: “No part of the house of Allaah should be neglected.” Thereupon, Ibn ‘Abbaas recited (that which translates as): “There has certainly been for you in the Messenger of Allaah an excellent pattern (i.e., example to be followed) for anyone whose hope is in Allaah and the Last Day and [who] remembers Allaah often.” (Al-Ahzaab: 21). Upon hearing this,Mu’aawiyah refrained.
(8) “So if you obey him (Muhammad sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam), then you will be guided.” [24:54]
‘None of you will believe, until his desires are in accordance with what I have been sent with.’ (Baihaqi)
Abdullah Ibn Amr reported that, “The Messenger (Saw) said: Those evils which befell the Banee Israa’eel shall befall my Ummah, so much so that If there was one amongst them that openly committed fornication with his mother there would be one among my Ummah who would do that too, And the Banee Israa’eel spilt Into seventy-two sects and my Ummah shall split Into seventy-three sects, All of them will he In the Fire, except one group,’ They (the Sahaabah) said: ‘Which one Is that O Messenger (Saw) ?’ Whereupon he said: ‘It is the one to which I and my Companions belong.’ ” (Saheeh – narrated by at-Tirmidhee)
In another narration “. . . seventy-two will be in the Fire and one in Paradise, and that is the Jama’ah.” (Saheeh – narrated by Aboo Daawood and others).
Jaabir reported that Ihe Messenger (Saw) said: “To proceed with: The best Hadeeth (speech) is the Book of Allaah and the best guidance and example is that of Muhammad (Saw), And the worst of all things are the newly invented things, for every Innovation is error and misguidance,” (Saheeh * narrated by Muslim),
(9) “And take what the Messenger gives you and refrain from what he forbids you.” (soorah al-Hashr 59: 7)
Alqama (ra) reported that, “…..A woman came to Ibn Mas’ood and said, “ I have heard that you forbid tattooing and the use of false hair – is that something you have found in the Book of Allaah ta’ala or from the Messenger (Saw)?’ He said, ‘Rather it is something which I have found in the Book of Allah and from the Messenger (Saw).’ She said, ‘By Allaah I have read the mushaf from cover to cover and i have not found in it what you say.’ He said, ‘Did you not find in it, “And take what the Messenger gives you and refrain from what he forbids you?” She said, ‘Yes’. He said, ‘Certainly I have heard the Messenger (Saw) forbid the use of false hair, tattooing and plucking out facial hair.’ She said, ‘Perhaps it is present in some of your family?’ He said, ‘Then enter and look.’ So she entered and looked – then left. She said, “ I did not see anything (objectionable).’ So he said to her, ‘Have you not memorised the testament of the righteous servant “I do not wish to do in opposition to you concerning what I forbid you to do.” (reported by Ibn Abi Haatim and quoted by Ibn Katheer in his tafseer). This true story is narrated in Bukhaaree, Muslim and in the Musnad of Ahmad too.
The Messenger (Saw) said, ” When I order you with something, then do as much of it as you can, and when I forbid you from something, then avoid it.” (Bukhari and Muslim)
Aa’isha reported that the Messenger (Saw) performed an act and gave permission for it to be done, but some people kept themselves aloof from it. This news reached the Messenger (Saw) and he delivered a khutbah (sermon) praising Allaah and then said: “What is the matter with the people that they avoid doing a thing which I do. By Allaah I have the best knowledge of Allaah amongst them and I fear Him the most.” (Saheeh – narrated by al-Bukhaaree and Muslim).
Once a man sneezed in the presence of Ibn Umar and said “Praise be to Allaah and peace be upon the Rasool” Ibn Umar chastised the man and said: “The Prophet (Saw)has only taught us to say Alhumdulillaah.” (narrated by at-Tirmidhee).
Ibn Taymiyyah has a nice passage in one of his books showing that: “In fact, the kufr of Jews and Christians is because of “Bid’ah”. They introduced new things into the religion and those things took them completely away from the true message of Musa (Moses) and Isaa (Jesus) Alaihumma Salam”.
(10) “[They are] those whose effort is lost in worldly life, while they think they are doing well in work.” (Al-Kahf: 104).
Imaam At-Tabari, may Allaah have mercy upon him, said concerning this verse: “‘It refers to anyone who did an act thinking it to be correct and something that was in obedience to Allaah and something that pleased him, while in reality, it was a way of disobeying Allaah and straying away from the path of the believers.”
Ibn rajab al hanbali said in his book on bidah, “…..Performing prohibitions acts with the intention of pleasing Allaah is a Bid’ah, such as singing songs about Him.”
Imaam ash-Shaafi’ee said, “Whosoever considers an innovation to be good has corrected the Prophet (Saw).” [Bulghul Maraam of Ibn Hajar p190 footnote 2] And all that has been related from him that contradicts this statement, regarding innovation as being of two types is either weak or baseless as al-Haafidh adh-Dhahabee and others from the scholars of hadith state.
(11) “And do not be like those who became divided and differed after the clear proofs had come to them. And they will have a great punishment.” (Aal ‘Imraan: 105).
Al-Qurtubi, may Allaah have mercy upon him, said: “This verse refers to the Jews and the Christians according to the majority of the scholars, but others have said that it refers to innovators within the Muslim nation.”
(12) “Verily, those who divide their religion and break up into sects (all kinds of religious sects), you (O Muhammad) have no concern in them in the least. Their affair is only with Allah, Who then will tell them what they used to do.” [Al-An’aam 6:159]
The explanation (tafseer) of this verse has come in the hadeeth from Aa’ishah (radiallaahuanhaa) who said: “The Messenger (sallallaahu ‘alaihi wasallam) said: ‘O Aa’ishah! Verily,those who divide their religion and break up into sects. Who are they?’ So I said: ‘Allaahand His Messenger know best’ He replied: ‘They are the People of Desires, the People ofInnovations and the People of Misguidance from this Ummah. O Aaishah! For every sinthere is repentance, except for the People of Desires and Innovations, there is norepentance from them and I am free and innocent of them and they of me.”
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